Odisha: Odisha, formerly known as Orissa, is a state located in the eastern part of India. It is bordered by the Bay of Bengal on the east, West Bengal on the northeast, Jharkhand on the north, Chhattisgarh on the west, and Andhra Pradesh on the south.
With a rich cultural heritage, diverse landscapes, and a strong historical background, Odisha is known for its unique traditions, art, temples, and natural beauty. Visit Odisha and enjoy the hospitality of the Odia People.
Geographically, Odisha has a long coastline along the Bay of Bengal, which offers picturesque beaches,fishing villages, and important wildlife habitats like the Bhitarkanika National Park and the Chilika Lake, the largest brackish water lagoon in Asia. Inland, the state is characterized by fertile plains, rolling hills, and dense forests,
making it a place of immense biodiversity.
The capital city of Odisha is Bhubaneswar, which is also known as the “Temple City of India.” It is renowned for its architectural marvels, including the famous Lingaraja Temple, the Rajarani Temple, and the Mukteshwar Temple. Bhubaneswar
is a vibrant city that blends ancient heritage with modern development and is home to numerous educational institutions, IT parks, and industries.
Apart from Bhubaneswar, other major cities in Odisha include Cuttack, Puri, Rourkela, and Berhampur. Cuttack, located on the banks of the Mahanadi River, is the commercial capital of the state and is known for its silver filigree work and the famous Bali Yatra festival. Puri is a sacred city and a major pilgrimage center, famous for the Jagannath Temple and the annual Rath Yatra festival.
Odisha has a rich cultural heritage, and its art forms, music, dance, and handicrafts reflect the traditions and customs of the people. The state is known for its classical dance form called Odissi, which is characterized by graceful movements and intricate footwork. The Sambalpuri and Bomkai sarees, Pattachitra paintings, stone carvings, and silver jewelry are some of the prominent handicrafts of the region.
The cuisine of Odisha is diverse and delicious, with a focus on seafood due to its coastal location. The famous dishes include the Chhena Poda (a sweet made from cottage cheese), Pakhala (fermented rice), Machha Besara (fish curry), and various preparations of prawns and crabs.
Odisha also has a strong sporting culture and has produced many renowned athletes in various disciplines, particularly in hockey and athletics. The state is home to the Kalinga Stadium in Bhubaneswar, which has hosted international hockey events and the Asian Athletics Championships.
In terms of tourism, Odisha offers a range of attractions for visitors. Apart from the temples and beaches, there are ancient cave complexes like the Udayagiri and Khandagiri caves, the Sun Temple at Konark, and the tribal villages of the state, where visitors can experience the unique way of life of the indigenous communities.
Overall, Odisha is a state with a rich cultural heritage, natural beauty, and a blend of tradition and modernity. It offers a unique and diverse experience to travelers, making it a fascinating destination to explore.