Sharing borderlines with Myanmar in the east Assam in its western and northern periphery, the Tirap district of NEFA in Arunachal pradesh in the northeast and Manipur in the south, Nagaland's blue -hued mountains and emerald expanses comprise an intriguing as the state of Nagaland in 1963, the 16th state of the Indian Union.
Tiger,Leopard,Elephant,sambar,Wild Buffalo and bear people its deep jungles while its vast expanses of paddy fields,fed by an elaborate indigenous irrigation system, are a veritable feast for the eyes.Known for its salubrious climate, Nagaland has considerable rainfall during the monsoons that run from june to september.
Spread over an area of 16,527 sq km,its population resides mainly in the rural area.Kohima,its capital,Dimapur and Mokokchung are its most important towns.Nagas have evolved into a generic term for many tribal communities in the North East.Of the 32 such tribes, 16 major and numerous sub-tribes spread over Nagaland's seven districts; primary amongst them are the Angamis, the Sema, Konyak,Aos and Renmas,each with their own distinct culture and lifestyle
Culture:- The entire Naga inhabited area may be described as one culture area, on account of several ethno-historical factors. There are 14 tribes in Nagaland. The traditional faith, religious beliefs and practices of Naga tribes show signs of being animistic. There is a belief of a supreme creator of mankind, and many deities, ghosts and spirits of trees, rivers and hills.
There are priests and medicine-men who placate these spirits, banish those who give diseases, attract those who help and guard, and also take the lead in the rites and festivals, which stimulate the processes of agriculture.Among the Naga tribes (Chang, Sangtam, Khiamngan), there is a belief that the soul, after death, goes down a narrow path to the land of the dead that is guarded by a spirit with whom it must struggle. Most Naga tribes regard the ultimate ancestors of man and the tiger, as very intimately associated. The ancient Kachari capital, Dimapur is one of the important sites of megalithic culture. The ruins appear to be contemporaries with the Kachari civilisation, established before the Ahom invasion in the 13th century A.D. There are evidences of Hindu influence on most of them, though these are predominantly non-Aryan. Today 85% of the people are Christians.
Shopping Delight:- Mounted butterflies, handwoven shawls, orange honey, black mushrooms, Khasi dresses for woman, pineapple, orange and other fruit product are the best buy here. Bara bazar is a must-visit for shoppers. Local handicraft can be bought at Meghalaya Handloom and Crafts, Purbashree, Manipur Emporium, Tantuja, Assam Emporium and Nagaland Handloom and Handicrafts. Mounted butterflies are sold at Butterfly Museum at Mawkhar.
Shopping Pleasures:- Situated in the heart of Kohima town, opposite the State Bus Station, is the Sales Emporium, New market. Here one can find a wide range of Naga handicrafts. The colourful and warm Nagashawls, shoulder bags, wood carvings, bamboo baskets, are all proud creations of the Nagas. There are also super markets where you can shop for handloom and handicrafts
Best time to visit:- The Monsoons are from May to September, hence the ideal time to visit is from November to March